For anyone that has ever dealt with an opium addiction, or witnessed it in a loved one, it is a scary thing. The damages wrought on the body and mind are inarguable and devastating. Perhaps even more frightening is the little considered fact that opium addictions help fund criminal and terrorist organizations in a big way. In order to understand how an opium addiction may fund terrorism, and what to do about it, there are a few things to know.
What is opium addiction?
The first thing to know is what opium addiction is. In general, addiction is defined as a physical or mental desire for something that interferes with a person’s day-to-day life. Basically, an addict spends every moment seeking their “high”. Even while on a “high”, they are thinking about the next one. Opium addiction is no different. Some of the signs of opium abuse and addiction include:
- rapid physical deterioration,
- mood swings,
- loss of appetite, and
This is not a complete list, either. There is also the very real possibility of overdose, and severe damage to heart, brain, and lungs that can very easily result in death.
Where does opium come from?
Opium is made from the processed flower parts of the opium poppy plant. According to the BBC, 92% of the world’s opium is produced in Afghanistan, and generates an estimated 65 billion dollars in revenue. This constitutes a large percentage of their national economy. Opium poppy growth and processing are legal in many places around the world, because there are a number of legitimate uses for opium. Namely medications. These are:
- Lorcet, and
However, it is not the growth of opium poppies, or the legal sale of opium based medications that funds terrorism.
How opium funds terrorism
What does fund terrorism, is the trafficking, processing, and illegal sale of opium and its most common derivative, heroin. A large portion of the opium produced in Afghanistan is sold in markets along the Pakistani border. These markets exist in a duty free zone that is essentially lawless, and is a known safe-haven for Al-Qaida and the Taliban. In these markets, all manner of illegal transactions are administered. According to the Counter Terrorism Center at the United States Military Academy at West Point, the terrorist organizations that operate there make up to a 20% profit from taxation, transport, and “security” (protection money). From here, the opium is shipped through a number of areas that support terrorist activities, and state sponsors of terrorism. Some of these include:
- tribal Pakistan,
- parts of southern Russia,
- Portions of Iraq and Turkey controlled by Islamic State, and
- the free trade markets of Dubai.
In some cases there is even evidence of illicit drugs such as opium being used as the currency to fund terrorist activities. One such example of this, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, is the Madrid train bombings of 2004. Even more frightening, is that recent information suggests that some terrorist organizations have begun to branch out into the growth and production of opium, in order to increase their profit share.
What can you do about it?
If you are addicted to opium, the best thing you can do to stop the funding of terrorism is to stop using opium. This is easier said than done. Opium addiction is a complicated and difficult disease to overcome. However, there are a number of resources available to help you. From rehab centers and methadone clinics, to counseling and 12 step programs. Each person that stops using opium potentially cuts the ability of terrorist organizations to further their aims.